We often hear of lactic acid bacteria, especially to regulate the intestinal flora (which resides in the last section of the intestine, the colon). But what are they really? Are lactic acid bacteria, or a group of live microorganisms capable of converting lactose into lactic acid, thanks to the enzyme beta-galactosidase. The enzymes are capable of performing a series of processes involving the remains of digestion, improving it.
The lactic acid bacteria are very numerous, but those capable of fulfilling this role, the primary importances for man, are not really many. The best-known families are Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, Leuconostoc, and Streptococcus Pediococcusm.
Probiotic Lactic Acid Bacteria
The type of yeast is best-known probiotics and are able to get in intestines, still alive, and improve and equilibrate functions, strengthen the immune system. Also, prevent infections, bad breath, diarrhea, constipation, flatulence and abdominal pain. This type of ferment adheres, usually, to the enterocytes that make up the intestinal mucosa and block the proliferation of pathogenic bacterial strains. The most famous are LC1 probiotic, Lactobacillus gasseri, Lactobacillus case and Bifidobacterium. It is also important to remember that probiotics are not drugs, but foods that accompany the daily diet. Some scientific studies argue that the assumption may be adjusted at will: you can take the facts as a result of a specific disorder or even every day because they are able to maintain a high level of beneficial bacteria in the gut.
We often hear of probiotics and prebiotics as they were the same, in fact, are two totally different substances. Prebiotics are dietary fiber, which is often added to foods to enhance the action of enzymes. Especially oligosaccharides contain substances, are considered non-digestible and capable of being metabolized by the bacteria and to favor its growth. Most famous are inulin and fructooligosaccharides (FOS): the gut has the task of demolishing these fibers favoring the reproduction of probiotic bacteria. The use of these substances is very good for body health. According to some studies to reduce levels of triglycerides, weight loss and help counteract what in common parlance is called fatty liver.
The word nutraceuticals represent a family, even greater, able to enclose the substances which we have previously described. Merges into a single concept: the pharmaceutical and nutrition and includes all those foods called functional, ie able to support a drug therapy, because they contain vitamins, antioxidants, fatty acids (omega 3), and fibers or lactic acid. I usually do not provide calories, they are hypoallergenic (that is, they seem unlikely to cause allergies) certified and have healing properties. May be engaged in the diet, or through functional foods (for example a food added with a beneficial substance) or with the classic supplements.
In all this yogurt has a classic role? Yogurt contains lactic two types of L. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus, able to work in synergy. These two bacteria produce lactic acid, but also promote the synthesis of vitamins B and K, also helps the intestinal absorption of calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium. It is clear, therefore, that if you want to increase the lactic acid in their diet, You can take a multivitamin or eat plain yogurt, which is cheap, you can easily buy or make at home. Please note that because the yogurt is really important for the bacteria, should be eaten fresh because with the passage of time the milk enzymes die. Some commercially available yogurt with probiotic enzymes other than those contained in nature and remind you that each kin has its own characteristics and functions. Take care, you’re buying any product that is specified on the packaging of the species and perhaps an even therapeutic indication, or ask about before hiring them.